Every individual on planet earth has their very own unique DNA that tells everything about them. DNA can be said to be the unique individual code that gives information on everything about a person. It provides insight into our personality as well as the color of the eyes.
Year in year out, many people are driven by curiosity to take part in the DNA test. This single decision has changed the lives of many for the better. There is something humans should know. Everyone inherits about 25% DNA from their grandparents.
The trend is such that half amount of DNA is inherited from the previous amount for each subsequent generation. In this regards, an individual will inherit about 12.5% from each great-grandparent. Inheriting the particular set of combination from each set of parents is what comes together to make us unique.
Ancestry testing, also known as ancestry DNA testing, provides an avenue for people who desire to know where they originated from. It provides a way for people to learn about their genealogy, much more than what they can learn from their immediate relatives. Examination of the ancestry DNA variation gives insight into where the ancestors of a particular person originate. This is possible because there are patterns of genetic variation that are usually shared by people of the same background.
A paternity DNA test is a DNA test that examines specific locations of the genome of an individual. This examination gives information that helps determine the genealogical and ethnicity relationship. The result that often comes from the ancestry DNA test provides info about the test subject, where they might be from, as well as other individuals they might be related to.
A genealogical DNA test is usually done on a sample DNA test. This DNA sample can come from various sources like chewing gum, spit cups, wine glass, etc. Most times, there is sample home DNA test kits supplied by various providers like 23andMe, AncestryDNA, Family Tree DNA, or MyHeritage. On following the instruction on the kit, the user returns it to the supplier for analysis.
There are many ancestry DNA test kits offered from many companies, so we decided to select the best ones and make a comparison table, so you can decide whichever is best for you. Here is a breakdown of our top picks.
If you are looking for more detailed information about the best ancestry DNA test, check out our reviews and hopefully, we are going to help you choose the dna kit that is most suitable for you.
CRI Genetics ranks top among another DNA test for some peculiar reasons. First, the test is conducted by only genetics experts with high reputation and grounded knowledge from extensive studies in the genetic science. Unlike another DNA testing, that requires research from other people to prove ancestry reports, the CRI Genetics uses data from the person for conducting its DNA test research.
CRI Genetics is controlled and managed by Alexei Fedorov, Ph.D. Alex was trained and mentored by one of the winning Noble Prize-winning scientists at Harvard University and has successfully initiated several genetic studies on his own. CRI Genetics an organization ranks one of the top companies known for quality service delivery. They one among many DNA testing companies that have every kind of money-back guarantee.
CRI Genetics now offers five exclusive ancestry reports that are generated using a patented DNA analysis algorithm created by Alexei Fedorov. From a fundamental geographical breakdown of your Ancestry to a comprehensive history of your maternal or paternal line to an interactive “Ancestry Timeline” that unravel the year that peculiar heritages began in your family, the whole level of detail across all CRI Genetics reports is revealed.
Overall, CRI Genetics Customer oriented and offers excellent service.
Family Tree DNA stands out in the DNA testing industry; the company has been in business for quite a long time. From many years of practice and experience, they have learned from their mistakes and gradually built a strong customer base.
Bennett Greenspan established family Tree DNA in the year 2000. Ben was a young businessman with drive-in solving specific mysteries within his family history. The first tests rendered to customers were straightforward compared to their present DNA tests that employ integrated technology process.
Today, Family Tree DNA renders a small range of reports with an above adequate level of detail. Their main strength is a massive database of customers, which helps with accuracy.
Overall, Family Tree Dna kit offers excellent customer experience and excellent service.
Living DNA offers one the most detailed Ancestry Reports among all other DNA testing companies, but is based only in the UK.
Living DNA is a young company that has rapidly grown to the top in the DNA testing industry. And has an extensive network base of DNA expert. Its customers greatly love the Living DNA.
Living DNA’s Ancestry Reports have details for 80+ regions worldwide, but 21 of those regions are in Ireland and the United Kingdom. If you have a lot of British or Irish DNA, then this is an exciting service for you to try. However, if your Ancestry is anything else, Living DNA is on par with most other services. View Full Report
Overall, provides excellent customer satisfaction and excellent service delivery.
23andMe gives a much more reliable detail about your ancestry. It provides insight into the maternal and paternal lines. It is well suitable for knowing if you are at risk of any disease based on the reports from your ancestors. 23andMe DNA testing is of a high standard, well reliable and trusted by a large number of people. It is one of the few DNA test company that gives DNA based health test and data about your ancestors.
23andMe offers an insight into one’s ancestry. Users will have access to information that will give a better understanding of one’s genetic makeup. 23andme and Ancestry DNA offer users the opportunity to link their results into a family tree.
23andme has analyzed the DNA of more than 3 million people. This is an impressive milestone, although it is still way behind its closest competitor – Ancestry DNA. Both 23andMe, as well as ancestry DNA, gives users enough data about their ancestor. Just like Ancestry DNA, 23andMe do seek for DNA matches among its vast user database. This service is however available for users who opt-in. 23and Me calls this service the DNA relative who will reveal possible matches as well as the relationship that exists between you.
Overall, 23andMe is known for an effective ancestry check and is 100% customer oriented.
The Ancestry Group introduced the Ancestry DNA in mid-2012. It is a DNA service company that examines the DNA and merges the data with the family tree, on request of the user. The ancestry DNA genetic testing is useful for revealing abundant information about the ancestors. It also provides a tool to connect with other living relatives. While it doesn’t give any info on one’s health, it gives a precise data on one’s ethnic makeup.
Users will be given a DNA testing Kit. The test, however, analyzes the DNA to provide information about the ancestor. Ancestry DNA testing also provides information on cousin. With a linked family tree, users can get access to distant cousins.
As at August 2016, Ancestry DNA has analyzed more than 5 million peoples’ DNA. It provides a gateway to access genetic relatives. Many people have used their report and are satisfied with the quality of service offered. It is also suited for persons who dream about knowing close relatives and potential family members.
Users will have access to a dashboard that gives information on possible DNA matches with other members. There are maps of places where one’s ancestors were once located. Users will also have access to videos and history of their ancestors. Users will be able to learn about the identified ethnic groups and country and also see how one compare to the native population.
EntOverall: Ancestry DNA can help explore your background.
National Geographic Genographic accepts DNA from people to reveal their genealogical information. However, unlike Ancestry DNA and others, the national geographic DNA does not center on tracing the ancestry information for generations. It instead tracks migration pattern to as far back as 200,000 years ago.
Genographic project launched the first phase of its plan in 2005. It worked with various scientists around the world. Geno 2.0, the second phase of the project analyzed DNA at a more personal level. Next Generation DNA, the latest version, launched in 2016 makes the DNA test result more personal.
Over 800,000 people from more than 130 countries have their DNA analyzed by the National Geographic. Unlike Ancestry DNA and 23andMe, the results do take longer. This is because the DNA results of the National Geographic DNA test goes a little further.
Users will have access to three sections:
Overall, the genographic project focuses more on contributing to science, rather than satisfying one’s curiosity.
Owned by the DNA Diagnostic Centre Inc, HomePNA is a company with more than 20 years of experience in DNA testing. The home DNA test reveals how one’s genetic ancestry has migrated over the years. Home DNA test offers a broad range of DNA testing solutions for ancestry, legal research, health and beauty tips, biological relations and pet.
The Home DNA test is known for its high tech approach to DNA testing with sequencing facilities supported with robotic tech.
Prospective users will have to place an order on the company website and wait for the personal DNA testing kit. Professionals in their field do the DNA tests offered by Home DNA. The home DNA gives the opportunity to learn about the migration pattern of one’s ancestry.
Their main strength is the Home DNA test uses some advanced scientific achievements for its DNA testing. This Home DNA review found out that the test is reliable and covers a wide range of test and results.
My heritage prides itself as one of the largest DNA testing Companies. Alongside DNA testing, it also helps track family history. It offers a comprehensive look into one’s family history. DNA testing, free family tree software and matching are few of the many services provided by MyHeritage DNA test.
MyHeritage DNA, however, does not provide more in-depth ancestral information compared to 23andMe as well as Ancestry DNA. My Heritage DNA is ideal for people seeking to complete their family tree as well as connections to their long-lost relatives. It is a means to find out more about oneself, the ethnic group as well as the geographical region of the origin. The DNA testing Kit of My heritage DNA test is one of the lowest in the market and asides; there are special offers from time to time.
The strength of My Heritage DNA is the massive database – over 90 million users to help bring about a comprehensive insight. There are records from more than 48 countries with immigration and military efforts etc.
MyHeritage DNA testing kit gives users much more than the DNA breakdown. Users get to access their family tree, know more about their ancestors as well as their ethnicity estimate. The ethnicity estimate gives MyHeritage DNA users an assessment of their ethnic group. The millions of entries in the MyHeritage DNA database make the MyHeritage DNA result more accurate.
Overall, MyHeritage DNA gives a detailed look at one’s genetic makeup.
There are many motivations for having a DNA test. Ranging from telling us about our ancestor to giving information about the family line. To have an ancestry test, one needs two biological samples. These samples need to be supplied as they carry the DNA of the individual. Thus hair or saliva is the best choice.
Of recent, genetic tests like the domain of dystopian science fiction have been widely accepted. Companies like 23andMe, Ancestry.com, and National Geographic offer many home ancestry DNA test kit. With these, individuals can get insights into secrets into their ancestry for a reasonable price. Sometimes back, these ancestry DNA test were marketed majorly as health service. They mainly provided a way for individuals to test for disease and better know what is going on in their body.
Today, ancestry service is an array of services that gives a detailed look into one’s history. All a customer have to do, is send samples of their spit to the organization. After about two months of ancestry testing, customers will then have to log in to their personalized webpage. This webpage gives information on the percentages of the region they originated from, be it south Asia, South America, Africa, as well as details about their paternal and maternal lines.
The ancestry DNA test is no rocket science! The ancestry DNA company uses some Special algorithm to arrive the user’s result. On getting the DNA sample of the user into the system, it takes the shape of a long string of G’s, A’s, T’s and C’s. These are labels with which the four nucleobases of the DNA are known. It can also be said to be the alphabets through which DNA comes.
To individuals like you and I, the strings of letters are just jargons with no significance. Thus, it is more or less incomprehensible to the ordinary individual who studies them. The algorithm must make meaning out if this supposed jargons. The details of these algorithms are somewhat secret
For researchers to be able to track one’s paternal ancestry, they will have to examine the Y chromosome. The Y chromosome is usually passed from fathers to the male kids. On the other hand, maternal ancestry does exist in the mitochondrial DNA. This goes from the mum to all the kids. Before one can get any information on the ancestry detail, it has to be compared against a massive diary of information.
The algorithm works by taking a whole genome. It takes a little piece and compares against a given set of reference data. The algorithm compares the piece with Africa, Asia, South America, etc, until it covers the entire list. During the process of this comparison, it can reveal information about where the given DNA is coming from.
This tests the Y chromosome, the chromosome that is transferred from the father to the son. It is only the male species that can test for this. Only males have the Y chromosome.
The result of the Y chromosome is the principle of the most paternity test. It helps to establish a genealogical time frame. The results of the Y chromosome test between males reveal any match and hence, show relation.
Most times, this test can go as far back as the fifth or sixth generation. With the Y DNA test, one will have access to information like the paternal haplogroup, relative matches, ethnicity as well as surname history. If one’s paternity is in question, the Y-DNA test is a perfect tool.
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This is usually passed from the mother to the male and female kid. It is the mother only that can pass this on. While the male does carry their mother’s DNA, they cannot pass it on. Mutations are compared to see folks that share an ancestor in a genealogical time frame.
The absence of a central database does not allow people to be able to know if other people share their genetic line. For the mitochondrial DNA testing, there is a haplog which defines deep ancestry like African, Asian, Native American, etc.
The mitochondria test applies to both genders. It, however, explores the genetic markers of the mother’s maternal line. The family tree DNA group provides this test and can get one access to the maternal haplogroup.
Both genders can take the autosomal DNA test. It gives an estimate of one’s ethnicity as well as the cousin match. It can go as far back as the 5th or 6th generation on both the father and mother’s side of the family.
This tests for both DNA from both parents based on the 23 chromosomes. It does not just test separate lines such as we have in the mitochondrial DN and the Y line.
Tests of this type, the older one tested between 21 and 300 markers. Current generations testing, for instance, the one provided by 23and Me; Ancestry DNA test, etc use more than 700 000 locations. These are in different categories, much different from their usefulness and accuracy.
The autosomal test provides a list of cousins present in the family line. The user, however, needs to determine the relationship between the cousin and the individual. This is where the testing company comes in as there are tools to make this a reality.
The companies listed above gives users the capacity to access one’s raw data for further analysis, using online tools. Thus, GedMatch, Ancestry DNA and autosomal test via ancestry.com do not have the matching tools. Customers, therefore, have to use the likes of 23andMe, Family Tree DNA, etc.
This comes with some unique inheritance properties. With these properties, people can utilize the results separately from the remaining autosomal results. It should, however, be noted that the X chromosome is part of the 23 sets of chromosomes that goes with autosomal testing.
For male and female, these inheritance paths are different. This is because males only get the X chromosome from the mother and a Y chromosome from the father which makes them male.
Having discussed the four tests before now, how do decide which is best for you?
The test that’s you choose depends on what you want to know.
Paternity test employs the use of DNA profiling to determine whether two people are related as father and a child.
Paternity DNA test is possible because every kid inherits half of their DNA from the father, the other half from the mother as well. Thus, with a paternity test, one can determine if the child has enough DNA as the man tested to prove that he is the father.
Without a doubt, no test is entirely accurate. This is because a test’s accuracy is the combination of many factors. For a paternity test, however, precision and accuracy are not negotiable.
The first test in a paternity test is known as exclusion. This is when a man can be rejected as the father of a kid. This often happens when there is a discrepancy in the DNA of both father and the son.
The second test form in paternity testing is known as inclusion. This test is used to show the probability of a man being the father of a kid. A paternity test with 99.9% outcome will show that the father is without a doubt, the father of the kid.
Ancestry DNA continues to increase in power as the network reached over 5 million people. In other words, more than 5 million people have taken the Ancestry DNA test. This growth in the Ancestry database comes with many opportunities. The most significant opportunity being that it increases the chance of people getting more accurate result about their history.
Ancestry DNA prides itself as the world’s most extensive DNA network. This gives customers
the opportunity to discover many distant and near family members that are unexpected.
The mathematical result of over 5 million people in the web means that users will have a deeper insight and more potential connections to their origin.
When insights from Ancestry DNA is combined with the wealthy family history content of Ancestry, customers can get a more in-depth look into their source as well as histories that led to their existence. And that aside, customers can now find their family stories, this is in addition to tracing their ethnicity
Ancestry DNA testing was born from the need of man to discover his origin, his heritage and the people connected to him, both far and near. Ancestry makes genealogy essential and genomics easy to use. This will help people unlock their past to give motivations about the future. This is born from the fact that a sense of identity and belonging gives a fresh orientation of how one sees the world.
Over the years, scientists have always wondered how certain the accuracy of happenings at the cellular level. This was before the discovery of DNA as well as the development of DNA test. These days, ancestry, disease, biological parenthood and many other cases like forensic science can be determined with some level of certainty. This was made possible as a result of the knowledge of human genome and DNA testing.
While noting that the type of DNA test, as well as the sample used, affects the accuracy, DNA test can be said to be reasonably accurate. However, this raises the question of why the analysis of DNA is so absolute!
Worthy of note is the fact that all humans are embedded with a unique DNA code. The exciting thing about this is that no two people on planet earth share this code. This alone limits the chances of getting an inaccurate result from a DNA test. However, the accuracy of a DNA test could be questioned when there is contamination. Thus, the presence of any contaminant no matter how little makes the result of a DNA test questionable.
As evident from previous sections, there are many types of DNA test. There is the genetic testing, disease diagnosis, paternity test, forensic identification as well as biological relationship testing. To perform a DNA test, the person will have to submit a small tissue sample for analysis. There will also be an extraction of a single DNA from the human cells for typing. It should be pointed out here that the sample obtained doesn’t affect the result. This is because the genetic makeup in all human cells never changes. Take any of the skin, the hair, semen, saliva, blood sample, etc; the result will be accurate as long as the DNA is extracted. Once the DNA is obtained, it is examined to know the genetic makeup of the very DNA analysis. This is usually done in laboratories with sophisticated equipment to guarantee the accuracy of the result. As technology advanced, many DNA test companies have developed home DNA test kits.
Compared to a blood test, DNA testing is pretty accurate. This is because unlike blood, DNA is unique to all individuals. A lot of people can have the same blood group. Thus, blood group will not give an accurate result if used for a paternity test, parental testing or ancestry test.
There are many DNA test company like 23andMe, ancestry and the many more me mentioned above. Ordering a DNA test from any of the companies will likely give user two major set of result. One is a general overview of the health as well as an insight into one’s ancestry. All user will be required to do is send over the spit (the DNA sample), in one to two months, users will get an idea of their ancestry information, genetic disorder, health information, ethnicity etc.
The ancestry information a DNA test gives is pretty exact. Users will by this result get access to the country of one’s ancestors, cousins, both far and near, distant relatives and surnames that might be in your relation.
The health information, on the other hand, reveals a lot about one’s health condition. Users will get a piece of information like inherited conditions, health traits, and risks, etc.
Getting access to a health risk report shows the possibility of being affected by various diseases. An ancestry DNA test company like 23andMe will explain each of the disorders with links to an article. Users will be advised on lifestyle changes that will help as well as scientific insight on the issue.
There will also be a list of inherited health conditions. Thus things like genetic variants that can trigger conditions like gaucher disease, Cystic Fibroid, epilepsy, and other deficiency. Asides this health risk, these traits also help determine if one is a carrier for any health deficiency.
Also, the results show a list of traits. These are things you might have already discovered about yourself. Thus issues like lactose intolerance, allergies, hair and eye color, male pattern baldness, etc. Among these traits are unknown details about your tendency to love caffeine, memory issues, etc.
If you do not know a lot about your family history, getting a DNA test can be a perfect idea. One of the many things an ancestry DNA test will show is health risk that might arise in the future. With this knowledge, one can quickly do something about it and risk facing a complicated situation in future.
The result of your DNA test will give insight into potential problems that can arise in the future. This gives the chance to be proactive. Hence, one can avoid them. As a result, one is more careful about diet, alcohol and caffeine consumption. This gives a chance to get accustomed to your history and take creative steps to preserve your life.
Many DNA testing services is now a significant part of family research project. With their services, we can discover more about our root and also connect with family members we are not aware of. However, there are concerns about how precisely the tests are done, whether one’s information is protected!
Some users are concerned with those who can access their DNA test once it’s completed. Also, there is a concern about what the DNA Company can do with one’s result.
Ancestry testing has many benefits. One should, however, know that the result could be positive or negative for a gene mutation. For instance, test results can give relief from uncertainty. It is also a reasonable means to help people make an informed decision on how to manage their health.
A negative result, for instance, can help you save money by removing the need for unnecessary checkups as well as screening tests. When the result is positive on the other hand, one can work towards monitoring, prevention or treatment programs.
Not many people know a lot about their family and origin. We are not talking about the immediate family you see every day or the one you see at will. We refer to the families that go way back into one’s genealogical history. This is where the ancestry DNA kit comes in.
There are a few essential benefits that ancestry test can reveal. It should be pointed out that ancestry DNA test does more than reveal one’s origin. It can give insight into a disease that runs in the family line. Thus, we list essential reasons why ancestry testing is necessary:
Not everyone is thrilled about doing research. However, there is a sense of curiosity and appeal that comes from digging about yourself and your past. As a result, deliberately digging out information about your ancestry can help make your life more interesting.
Asides, most times, knowing about your ancestry records has many other opportunities that come with it. There are cases that the chase could reveal public records with detailed information about your family line.
It is one thing to know about your ancestors, and it is also another thing to make an effort to learn about them. Knowing who one’s ancestors could reveal thrilling information about one’s root. It is a key to give one a real sense of history.
One thing is sure about genetic DNA testing. One will discover that their genetic line is spread among many places. In other words, one is not from the same place. For a lot of people, knowing about their ancestry gives them an opportunity to learn about their source. This will reveal information about the culture of another part of the world that was once alien to them.
When we talk about history, ancestry testing as well as researching your history can open one’s eye to the scale of time it took before you came into the world. Thus, even if you are not all that into history, the knowledge of your genealogy will help you appreciate the richness of time.
While the Y chromosome alongside the mitochondrial DNA test gives insight into the person’s paternity and maternity line in the family tree, ancestry DNA test does much more. The ancestry DNA test surveys a person’s entire genome at over millions of location programmed into the system, in other words, it covers the entire lineage.
As evident from above, one of the reasons people get DNA test is to know if one is prone to any medical condition. Also, it reveals how high one’s risk factor is. As a result of this information, many wonder if the health insurance companies can get access to one’s result. If they could, this will translate to increased health insurance premiums, and at worst case, some might deny one coverage entirely. Also, there is the concern that potential employers could have access to one’s result and use the result to deny you employment.
As a result of these concerns, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (or GINA) comes in. This federal law stands against any form of discrimination in health and employment as a result of the genetic information.
MyHeritage DNA, for instance, comes with a release sign that you are under no obligation to sign. If you, however, desire to sign, you give the company permission share your name and mail address with potential matches.
Ancestry DNA, on the other hand, makes use of the family tree to enhance your search. As a result, users will always have access to potential matches or close relatives with similar DNA as yours. While it is programmed to show users potential matches automatically, users who desire to keep their family tree private can do so.
Many DNA services employ the services of technicians, research facilities to carry out and keep their DNA test results. On ordering any of these tests, users get a code. This code gives user privilege to their result once completed. Also, this code is meant to protect user’s identity. Thus, there is no physical indication of user’s name, address or phone number. Also, some genealogy service does encrypt user’s result before keeping them in their database. This gives some sense of peace as regards security of the data.
Users who however have concerns about the security of their DNA result should endeavor to do a little research. Also, it is in the best interest of users to understand the terms and conditions of these testing services before signing up.
By identifying prospective DNA matches, Ancestry DNA helps reveal information about one’s genetic identity. The result thus gives a peep into one’s family line and history. The test shows the family’s past alongside cultural information and other information relating to the family. The test could also be a ticket to connect and establish a relationship with other lost family members. Every new member helps by adding additional info to the family history.ter your text here...
If you chose to opt for a private Ancestry DNA test company, there might be additional fees for information about illness and disease that might arise in the future. This knowledge prepares the individual for potential conditions that might occur later in life.
One must, however, be aware that private companies have the power to sell customer’s DNA result, while the Government owned companies do nothing of such.
Before getting an Ancestry DNA test done, it is important to realize the amount of information one wishes to give out. Most DNA testing companies, however, give the individual the capacity to mark their information as private or public. This means for others to access one’s information, express permission is needed. A profile that is marked public, however, gives the public access to one’s contact address, family tree, mobile phone number as well as ethnic information.
There are many reasons one can choose to get an ancestry DNA test. We have compiled a list of top motivations for people to get their Ancestry testing.
As evident from the points above, there is more that comes with getting an ancestry DNA test. It goes way more than tracing relatives or connecting long-lost cousins.